“In such a future working relationship between human problem-solver and computer ‘clerk,’ the capability of the computer for executing mathematical processes would be used whenever it was needed. However, the computer has many other capabilities for manipulating and displaying information that can be of significant benefit to the human in nonmathematical processes of planning, organizing, studying, etc. Every person who does his thinking with symbolized concepts (whether in the form of the English language, pictographs, formal logic, or mathematics) should be able to benefit significantly.”
Summary: Defines the roles of both the human and the computer, but the computer may be able to play more of a role than the originally anticipated glorified calculator.
“First any possibility for improving the effective utilization of the intellectual power of society’s problem solvers warrants the most serious consideration. This is because man’s problem-solving capability represents possibly the most important resource possessed by a society.”
Summary: Hard to rephrase what it just said, that last sentence basically says it all. Because our capabilities as problem solvers have basically gotten us where we are from the cavemen, it is one of our biggest and most valuable assets.
This last quote relates to my interest in intrinsic learning, as we can only better ourselves as problem solvers if we maintain an interest in the problems and the solutions.